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At Fairways Primary School, we are passionate about ensuring all children become confident and enthusiastic readers and writers. We believe that Phonics provides a strong foundation in developing reading and writing skills, which underpins access to the rest of the curriculum. Children learn to segment and blend, read and write phonetically, quickly recognise sight words and to develop an understanding of alternative sounds and graphemes. Lessons are stimulating, fast-paced and engaging, therefore inspiring children to read and write for enjoyment. A growth mindset culture is embedded in our school, enabling children to feel confident when reading unfamiliar words. This helps to promote reading fluently, confidently and reading for pleasure.


Through the discrete teaching of Phonics following Letters and Sounds, the children are taught the essential skills needed for both reading and writing. Phonics is taught daily to all children in EYFS and KS1 through systematic, interactive and engaging lessons. Children who require additional Phonics support in KS2 will continue to receive this through differentiated groups or 1:1 sessions.

Phonics lessons follow a clear structure to ensure delivery of lessons is focused and consistent across the year group. All lessons consist of the following elements:

  • Revise: recap previously taught phonemes, graphemes and spelling rules.
  • Teach: Introduce a new phoneme and grapheme. Practise making the sound and forming the letters correctly.
  • Practise: Develop grapheme-phoneme correspondence through segmenting and blending. Practise reading and spelling new words.  
  • Apply: Read or write sentences using words featuring the new grapheme.
  • Assess: Progress is monitored to inform planning and differentiated groups.

Phonetically decodable books are intertwined with other reading books in the Book Bands to encourage children to automatically sound out unfamiliar words. EYFS and KS1 have specific Phonics displays that are frequently referred to throughout all areas of the curriculum. All adults teaching Phonics model the correct vocabulary and the meanings of unfamiliar words are discussed within lessons.


As a result of high quality teaching provision, children develop confidence in transferring their Phonics skills to support their reading and writing across the curriculum. Our aim is for children to become fluent readers who enjoy reading and writing for pleasure.